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Social events: high-risk behaviour

Santé étudiante:
- Le service social du CROUS: Les assistantes sociales sont à votre écoute pour résoudre les problèmes du quotidien.

- Médecine préventive / SIUMPPS
Des équipes de médecins, infirmières, psychologues sont à disposition des étudiants pour informer et orienter sur tous les problèmes de santé.

Santé, forme et prévention, tous les articles du site.

 

 I)the regulations

 A few basic legal concepts

What are the differences between the French words ‘contravention’, ‘délit’ and ‘crime’?
These are the 3 main types of offences which result in criminal sanctions.

They can be identified according to their respective level of severity, the types of penalties which apply, competent courts, opportunities for settlement and lengths of sentences.

Contravention : the least serious offences (illegal parking, disrespect of the flag, minor bodily harm, etc.)

Délit : theft, abandonment of family, sexual assault (without rape), manslaughter, etc.

Crime : the most serious offences (murder, assassination, terrorism, rape, etc.)

What is criminal liability?

Criminal liability: accountability for any criminal acts you commit.
Insurers cannot participate in criminal cases , as they can in civil cases, because it is not possible to insure yourself against your own law-breaking.

What is civil liability?

Civil liability : accountability for harm caused to others.
There are two types:
-  contractual : this is the liability that one party to a contract has to repair any damage caused to the other party,
-  tortious : this is the liability to repair any damage caused to a third party.

Civil liability is concerned more with ensuring that anyone suffering damage is compensated for it rather than punishing the person who caused it.

Insurers play a significant part in civil liability cases. Insurance cover means that victims are better compensated and the person found liable loses none of his/her private property.

 A reminder about the law

 - Drinking alcohol outside the designated areas in Aix-en-Provence is prohibited by municipal by law. (Drinking in the street is forbidden, for example)
Class 1 offence: a fine of 38 euros

-  Public drunkenness : In the case of this offence, it is not the level of alcohol consumed which is punishable, but an alcoholic state which presents a risk to others or to the inebriated person him or herself and which creates a public disturbance.
Class 3 offence: a fine of 150-750 euros

-  Prohibition of drug use : the Law of 31 December 1979 prohibits and penalises the illicit use of any substance classed as a drug. The illicit use of drugs is an offence which carries a penalty of up to a year in prison and a fine of 3,750 euros (in the case of drug driving, the penalty is more severe. See below).

The law does not categorise drugs according to how addictive or dangerous they are, nor does it consider any one drug softer than any other.

Please note :
The 2007 loi de prévention de la délinquance (crime prevention law) specifies that if the user is an adult, there is a simplified procedure for punishing him/her: an ordonnance pénale (fixed penalty notice). A registered letter indicating the amount of the fine imposed is sent. An additional penalty can be added: compulsory attendance (at one’s own cost) at a drugs awareness course, compulsory treatment in exchange for a remission of sentence (treatment order) with a requirement to produce evidence of the treatment to the public prosecutor.

-  Drinking and driving

In France, the permitted blood alcohol level is 49 milligrams per 100 millilitres of blood (or 24 micrograms of alcohol per 100 millilitres of breath).

Any driver may be randomly tested. In cases traffic accidents in which bodily injuries are sustained, all drivers will be tested (law n°2003-87)

All police forces, national and local, are authorised to carry out systematic alcohol and drug tests.

If the blood alcohol level is above 50 milligrams per 100 millilitres of blood, the driver is breaking the law.
The driver will be taken to the Police station
Deduction of 6 points from driving licence: WARNING!!!! If you hold a probationary licence, which starts with 6 points and covers the first three years of driving, you cannot afford to make any mistakes. You risk losing your licence and you will have to wait 6 months to retake the theory and practical tests.
A fixed fine of 135 euros
If the case goes to court you risk losing your licence for 3 years
The vehicle may be impounded.

If the blood alcohol level is above 80g milligrams per 100 millilitres of blood, the driver is committing a ‘délit’ (major offence):
The driver will face trial in court:
Deduction of 6 points from driving licence:
3 year driving ban or cancellation of driving licence
A fixed fine of between 4,500 and 100,000 euros
Up to 2 years’ imprisonment

-  Drug driving

Driving under the influence of substances or plants classified as drugs is a ‘délit’ or major offence (law n°2003-87)
The driver will face trial in court:
Deduction of 6 points from driving licence
3 year driving ban or cancellation of driving licence
A fixed fine of between 4,500 and 100,000 euros
Up to 2 years’ imprisonment

- Drinking AND Drug driving

Deduction of 6 points from driving licence
Driving ban for up to 3 years or cancellation of licence
A fixed fine of between 9,000 and 100,000 euros
Up to 3 years’ imprisonment

ALL OF THESE PENALTIES WILL BE INCREASED IN THE CASE OF ACCIDENTS CAUSING INJURY OR DEATH
In the case of fatal accidents, penalties of up to 10 years’ imprisonment and a fine of 150,000 euros may be imposed.

  Criminal records and employment

Those seeking employment in certain professions may be asked to produce bulletin no.2 of their criminal record. This bulletin can only be issued to certain administrative bodies (notably the Civil Service) or certain bodies for specific reasons.
Bulletin no.2 includes most convictions for ‘crimes’ and ‘délits’ (for a list of exceptions visit: http://vosdroits.service-public.fr/F14710.xhtml#N10154).

If you have passed the Civil Service entrance examination, for example, and bulletin no.2 of your criminal record shows that you have been convicted for drug use, you will not be able to become a Civil Servant.

 Drinking and driving and insurance

If you are responsible for an accident while your blood alcohol level is over 50 milligrams per 100 millilitres of blood :

You will receive no compensation if you suffer an injury (other people who are injured will be compensated),
The cost of repairs to your vehicle will not be reimbursed,
You will not be defended by your insurer in court,
Your premiums could be increased dramatically
Your insurer could terminate your contract before the expiry date, in which case you will find it difficult to find an insurer who will agree to cover you and your premiums will be high.

 II) Finding out about dangers and risks associated with the party scene

Finding out about high-risk behaviour helps to reduce the risks.

The risks can take different forms. They are not only associated with substances consumed.
A party is a get-together of individuals where people’s behaviour varies depending on their own experiences.

And so parties can lead to certain activities: :
The use of licit or illicit substances, the sale of illicit goods, protected and unprotected sex, listening to music close to speakers, body piercing and tattooing, fire-eating, ...

These activities encourage risk-taking which could result in psychological, social or physical harm :
Overdose, alcoholic coma, bad trip, risk of infection, addiction, STDs, STIs, malnutrition, dehydration, sleep disturbances, fighting, burns, inflammation, falls, traffic accidents, violence, criminality (theft, sexual assault...), fragile and disturbed mental balance, etc.

Something to think about : The cost of drug use, both licit (alcohol and tobacco) and illicit, to the community is thought to be immense.
Increasing numbers of studies indicate this. It is thought to represent an annual sum of several billion euros in expenditure associated with medical and social costs, crimes and accidents in the home.

 Noise

Noise damages our health and can also disrupt public order.

It is important to be aware of the hearing problems (buzzing, whistling...) which can develop in even the youngest people and to know how best to avoid them.

The real danger is posed not so much by the volume than the intensity of the sound, in other words the volume over the time spent listening.

Therefore, you should not stand too close to speakers and you should have regular breaks in quieter places. You should also bear in mind that your perception of volume levels can be disturbed when drunk or under the influence of drugs.

For more information visit www.ecoute-ton-oreille.com and consult the brochure “Tout savoir sur les risques auditifs »”

 Alcohol and illicit substances

Consumption on a daily basis can have an impact on both a person’s professional and social activities.

Addiction is a situation that a person finds him or herself in when he/she can no longer do without the product without experiencing a physical or psychological craving.

Alcohol

Alcohol is a licit psychotropic product which is deeply engrained in French culture. It may never have been banned in France, but it is dangerous nonetheless.

In the short term, it helps people to relax and lose their inhibitions. However, consumed in high doses, it produces a state of intoxication which is often accompanied by possibly severe digestive problems.
Alcohol consumption leads to a decreased level of alertness, loss of self-control and drowsiness.

People who have consumed a very high quantity may suffer alcohol poisoning, an overdose known as an “alcohol-induced coma”.

In the long term, serious illnesses such as cancer, liver disease, pancreatitis, cardiovascular diseases, disorders of the nervous system and mental illness can develop.

Illicit substances

The consumption of psychoactive substances has the immediate effect of altering one’s perceptions, mood and behaviour.
The effects vary depending on the product, the quantity consumed, the frequency of use, length of time taken and the user him/herself.

In the short term, there is a high risk of accidents, traffic accents, violence and overdose.

In the long term, serious illnesses such as cancer, cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, disorders of the nervous system and mental illness can develop.

 III) Seeking professional help

To review your own consumption, , or that of a friend or relative, speak to someone:

-  Écoute alcool (Alcohol Information Service) +33 (0)8 11 91 30 30
-  Drogue Info Service: +33 (0)8 00 23 13 13
- Écoute cannabis (Cannabis information service): +33 (0)8 11 91 20 20

Seeking professional help in Aix-en-Provence::

- Consultations Jeunes Consommateurs
Free and confidential advice for under 25s on the risks associated with drug use and addiction (Cannabis, Alcohol, Tobacco and other substances, video games, gambling)
60 Boulevard du Roi René, 13100 Aix en Provence
By appointment (+33 (0)4 42 26 15 16): Monday to Friday, 9am-6pm
Walk-in service: Monday and Wednesday, 2pm-5pm and Thursday, 9am-12 noon

- Tremplin
Anonymous and free, for over 25s
Centre for the treatment and prevention of addictions (drugs, alcohol, tobacco, video games, gambling, etc.) and support for those affected by them.
810 Chemin Saint Jean de Malte
13100 Aix en Provence
(Take the no.4 bus to La Pioline, alight at Champ de foire. Car parking available)
With an appointment (+33 (0)442261516): Monday to Friday, 9am-6pm
Walk-in service: Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm

-  L’ANPAA (National Association for the Prevention of Alcoholism and Addiction)
Centre Hospitalier du Pays d’Aix
Avenue des Tamaris - Cour de la Fontaine, 13100 Aix en Provence
Tél. 04 42 33 50 66

-  CSAPA Villa Floréal
Open to: Those suffering from an addiction to a substance or activity (games), and their family and friends.
200, Avenue du Petit Barthélémy, 13100 Aix en Provence
+33 (0)4 42 16 18 35
Support for people with or without an appointment
Opening times: Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Friday, 9.30am-12.30pm and 1.30pm-5pm; Thursday 9.30am-12.30pm and 3.30pm-5pm

Speak to a professional about more general subjects (and be referred on, when necessary)

-  Point Écoute Jeunes (PAEJ)
Anonymous and free.
Advice and support centre for young people between the ages of 12 and 25. Parents and professionals researching young people are also welcome.
The idea is to make you welcome, listen to you, support you and, if necessary, point you in the right direction, in an anonymous and free way and without the need for an appointment.
37 Boulevard Aristide Briand 13100 Aix en Provence
+33 (0)442961739

Who to consult if you have had unprotected sex

- Centre d’Information Dépistage Anonyme et Gratuit (C.I.D.A.G. - Anonymous and Free Screening and Information Centre)
Avenue Calmette et Guérin, 13090 Aix-en-Provence, 1er étage
Tel: +33 (0)413318469
Walk-in service: Monday 2pm-7pm, Tuesday 12 noon-4pm, Wednesday 2pm-4pm, Thursday 12 noon-4.30pm (doctor on the premises from 1pm to 4.30pm to deliver results and conduct STI consultations), Friday 1pm-4pm

- Family planning centres :

* Maison Départementale de la Solidarité
Rue Calmette et Guerin
Zup d’Encagnagne
13100 AIX-EN-PROVENCE
+33 (0)4 13 31 84 13
+33 (0)4 13 31 84 10 (switchboard)

* Centre Hospitalier du pays d’Aix
Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
1, Avenue des Tamaris
13100 AIX-EN-PROVENCE
+33 (0)4 42 33 50 00 (switchboard)
+33 (0)4 42 33 50 30 - +33 (0)4 42 33 56 85

- Family Planning 13 :
For information, someone to listen, pregnancy tests. But please be aware that this centre does not provide contraception.
Helpline:

* At the Faculté de Lettres (Faculty of Arts)
29 Avenue Robert Schuman
Every Monday (first semester 2013 only) 11am-1pm

* Bastide, Quartier Jas de Bouffan Bastide, Rue Château de l’horloge Quartier Jas de Bouffan
Walk-in service: Wednesdays 2.30pm-5.30pm

-  Centre Hospitalier du Pays d’Aix
Anonymous and free
Haematology-Oncology
Avenue des Tamaris 13090 Aix en Provence
(Pavillon des Tamaris, close to A & E)
Walk-in service: Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Friday 8.30am-12.30pm and Thursday 10am-2pm

For information

- Tremplin de doc
Anonymous and free, this centre provides resources and information on preventing high-risk behaviour (drugs, sexual health, HIV, STIs, peer education...) for the general public.
60 Boulevard du Roi René 13100 Aix en Provence
By appointment: +33 (0)6 82 67 44 81

-  Direction Jeunesse et Vie Étudiante (Youth and Student Life Department):

* The Bureau Information Jeunesse (Young People’s Information Bureau)
Centre providing information on subjects such as education and careers, employment, training courses, accommodation... as well as aspects of everyday life, health (useful addresses, information relating to smoking, drugs, contraception...). ICT facilities.
Open Monday to Friday, 8.30am-12.30pm and 1.30pm-5pm

* Aix-en-Provence City Council’s dedicated website for students: www.aix-etudiant.fr

* “Accident Prevention and Road Safety” helpline
Every Wednesday from 8.30am-12.30pm and 1.30pm-4.30pm
Click here for further information

 
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